בודו דרכו של לב BUDO VOIE DU CŒUR


בודו דרכו של לב                                 

     BUDO VOIE  DU CŒUR

October 1992 n*195

                                         



Yves Ayache was the pupil of Master Tetsuji Murakami during of numerous years. He is confide to Jean-Paul Maillet.

Karaté-Bushido: 
Yves Ayache, you followed Master Murakami during about twenty years. What taught you Shotokai? 


Yves Ayache: I began the karate with Master Murakami in 1969 and I knew only Shotokai. What immediately attracted me it is this notion of harmony. There is a technical side which appears On photos, as those whom we made together, b
ut it is only a small part of the work.

The purpose is to be in accordance with the Partner. Shotokai it is rather the relation with her partner. We are not there to break him, to kill him, the Karate Doh that's it. It is the harmony with her partner. It is the difference enters the Karate Doh and the Karate Jutsu. The Karate Doh it is the way of the karate, that brings the detachment and the flexibility. Of course, everybody speaks about flexibility, but the flexibility it is not only something a physical appearance. It is not a physical performance. I do the splits in all directions but it is not that drank him it is not because I particularly worked the wide gap mas rather because the flexibility of the spirit brings the flexibility of the body. Moreover most of people who make of the stretch or things like that can be flexible outside. But this flexibility there is not of use to them in life. The real flexibility, of the body and the spirit together, it is to be available. That's it the flexibility in Shotokai. It is a flexibility of opening. Towards others. It is not something that we make in front of his mirror. It is the flexibility of spirit that pulls a physical flexibility. 

K.B.: But how reach this result? 

Y.A: a person who practises Shotokai has to manage to be flexible at any time doh its day. It has to be all the time flexible. As well to understand a person, it is necessary to listen to him, to accept him. It is as the bottle she has to be empty to be able to filL it. It is simple, II needs to be available in the sense or it is always necessary to be ready has to accept about of other one. You should not be "blocked" it is all our physical constraints which stand out. There is a lot of people which are very soups of certain parts of the body but there are always places where they are more stiff than others. Some are very strong for the wide split but has we ask them to coil the hand and to put her in the back they are not going to arrive there. Because they polarized on a place of their body, they did not soften the body, the purpose of Shotokai it is to be flexible and strong and to concentrated in a single point. It is necessary to be flexible and to have the maximum of concentrated strength one a single point. That's it Shotokai.

KB.: it is thus on this principle, that by means of 
Master Murakami you established all your karate?


YA: it is necessary to understand that Shotokai is a part of the branch of the Karate Doh of Master Funakoshi. After his death it is the master who developed, we can even say created Shotokai, to leave the teaching of Master Funakoshi. That is Shotokan. the word, the wind of m
Master Funakoshi's artist's name which was "Shoto" and which means " the wave of pines " because in the region there were pines and when it walked in wood, he saw the Tops of the pines which made as waves which became confused in the sea and it pleased him a lot. "Caravanserai" means the house. Shotokai, it is the nickname of Master Funakoshi but we put "kai" at the end which means " the group ". 

Divert the attack 

Instead of this soitt The " House doh Shoto " it is the " Group of Shoto ", thus the " Group of Master Funakoshi ". Master Egami thus developed Shotokai and Master Murakami, one of the first Japanese to come in Europe, came in France in 1957. When he arrived he practised Shotokan that is for us the hard method. Then at the end of a few years he returned in Japan where he met Master Egami, from this moment there, he completely abandoned the method of work last and it is true till the end of his life, he developed and taught Shotokai. II had understood that to block an attack it is to go against somebody and that it is only a question of strength because the defense can then be effective only if we are stronger than the aggressor. Us, what we are doing it is to go astray, the attack, to accompany him. The purpose it is not doh to block the attack most hardly possible but to use the strength, by arriving in the same moment as the attack. To divert her.

K.B.: It supposes a timing completed between the aggressor and the defender?

YA: the notion of time is very important because we manage to enter the attack of other one. We practise Irimi - what means " to cross by small door " in Japanese. The small door it is the moment when the partner decided to attack  you, and the moment or his brain is going to give the order to the body, this milliéme of second allows us to go into this space. As the aggressor gave the order to make something for his body, he cannot react any more to this counter-attack. We can react only if we make feints, as in competition because then we do not give ourselves to 100%

KB.: naturally this working shape excludes the competition?

YA: from her, we understand that this working shape it is as the fight of Samurais and she(it) excludes antagonize competition. It is necessary to know also of him MasterFunakoshi was against the competition. It is after his death that his followers developed the system of competition. While he taught there were fights but these fights were sometimes mortal. For them the fight state the way to know if they were effective in front of the real situation. It had nothing to do with the competition. Thus this form was protected but Shotokai, is the least known method, it is the competition which was the most developed, because the western spirit prefers The competition and the reward. Car. With my pupils there is not a competition. We are satisfied to Practise, the training is an enjoyment. The pupils have a practice freely, as, they feel him in their body. I kept the former system of the ranks, the white, the chestnut and the black because I wanted to delete this small competition between the pupils on the colors of belts: in life, in the nature there are no ranks. Some have ranks but they represent nothing. What matters in the Karate it is to last for a long time It is not a competition it is a member of the life. It is a louse ' it that I spoke about flexibility at the beginning of II needs to arrive at this flexibility of spirit and the body which allows to last for a very long time -
Text and photos: Jean-Paul Maille


THE MEDITATION IN THE HEART OF THE BUDO

The practice of the martial arts has to develop at each the sense of the precision, the aestheticism. A harmonious and precise gesture will be always effective. That harmony and this precision have to find itself in reports with the other diverse situations of the daily life and make capable of determining its own needs and those others. Well on. He can seem difficult to seize the existing reports between the practice of Budo and the everyday life. Many are those who began the practice of the martial arts by having designs stopped well of the life, their reports with the others it which limits their possibility of physical and mental opening. For those, Budo can represent that a leisure, a physical exercise or a way to defend itself against a possible aggressor. But there, is all the difference Budo is not self-defense or Karate jutsu.
It is them that I want to address, to try to make them understand the really existing relations between the Karate Doh and their own life: Budo takes place beyond a simple technique of defense, containing particular "things", secrets … Budo, it is the life: this must be valid for all those who practise the training. So, we can determine the personality of a man or a woman the dice the beginning of her learning: the fear, the aggressiveness, the attention, the will or the discouragement will show through in the way it trains. Through hard work and of training, its practice will improve. By modifying his perception of himself; he modifies his perception of others. This modification can obtain only by a big sincerity during the training: it is necessary to delete any stiffening or constraint of the body and the spirit; the flexibility of the body passes by a flexibility of the spirit by the acceptance of other one and acceptance of one. Certain karatekas, at the end of several years of training, do not have can be Not really progressed  this way: the fault does not fall to them inevitably; it is the education which puts dice the beginning has in the daytime this sincerity. Reveal to the pupil his potential. Budo requires an implication of one, one commits. Mount of the individual. The only method which is showed the ability to arrive at a coordination of the body and the spirit in the movement passes by a physical training adapted to each which little by little leads to forget the body, the brain commands the body and not the opposite: so we can arrive at a stage or, free of any physical constraint, the spirit will push back our limits more and more. The body and the spirit confidentially bound, there will not be gap anymore between the decision and The Budo is a martial art which has no limits in his practice: an improvement is possible throughout the life. The physical side gives in few has little the place has other forms of sensations, which will correspond to the development of the personality of each. What the meditation? It is impossible really to give a definition. It is in any case an adventure towards the unknown: oneself. Today, we rivet on the outside appearances the competition a lot The fact mask our defects feel the need to cheat with the others shows that we cheat with ourself. The meditation it is the infringement of the center, meditate, it is to be on the alert, attentive, to break the identification, our image. Be able to look at his greed, at its anger, at its jealousy, at its desire to possess. If there are no more these feelings, has no more than future there, then you live fully in the present You explode in the reality, the reality explode we we (work of Irimi). To be in harmony, the man has to become an internal harmony, then she will come naturally with the other people. It is always necessary to look for the difficulty. It is necessary to think about what we make for ourself, if our work is not good. You should not blame his partner, but rather to look for the answer in ourself. I think now that it is the foundation of Budo of our work. At the price of the efficiency it is always necessary to choose the consciousness and so we shall create the situation in which the meditation is possible. Do not care about the result, act unmotivated but only as a continuation of us even, throw its body without other thought. I made recently the difference between the action and the activity. The action is a spontaneous and creative answer; in the action, our body acts totally dice which the necessity is felt. The action is immediate, absolute, calculated, but spontaneous and direct, she must not be connected with the result. On the other hand, the activity is a kind of flight, a reaction to our problems, what implies that it not e is never spontaneous, never total. We often understood (Master Murakami) to speak about the heart, everything has to crossby her and not by the head, because the heart is deeper than the head.
 The meditation, everybody thinks of knowing her, you should not lock him into a simplistic language. And sometimes obscurantist or dogmatic: " it is necessary to make this and that, to be like that and especially not to make this or it as everybody I think that the way is in the opening of our heart and that love has to take the extra day off between us. 
Yves  Ayache

THE BOOK

THE BOOK
Karate Do Voie du coeur